Aquarium Care Guide
Aquarium Care Guide - New Tanks
When autochthonous a new aquarium it is important to understand the nitrogen cycle. Many new aquarium owners jump curiosity the hobby of fish keeping too quickly. Before purchasing fish, the aquarium must personify cycled. This could take anywhere from twenty four hours to four weeks. In an established aquarium there are certain bacteria that help the breakdown of ammonia to nitrates, but they are not present in a new tank because they are generated from existing fish. If there are no existing fish, then there are no crack bacteria.
The basic principle of the nitrogen cycle is this. Fish eat chuck and generate dissipate. That squander along with excess chuck and plant debris become ammonia in the aquarium. Ammonia is toxic to fish and needs to be broken down. That's why the nitrifying bacteria is important. This bacteria, turns the ammonia into nitrites which are supplementary tolerable to fish than ammonia. Next, different nitrifying bacteria will turn the nitrites into nitrates, which are steady less toxic to the fish and other aquarium life. The nitrates are collected and minimized by filters; however they will eventually accumulate in the cistern. Regular water changes are required to remove the nitrates from the water.
It is important to set up and jog an aquarium before any fish are introduced into the environment. Wash the tank and any substrate and decorations really with water. Don't use any soap. Fill the tank with de - chlorinated water and concrete filters and lighting. Allow the receptacle to cycle until the water is no longer cloudy and sufficient P. H and water temperatures have been established.
Now it is time to purchase the fish! Buy hardy fish such as danios, barb, gouramis, and live bearers. They should be able to withstand the high nitrite levels and ammonia in the new aquarium. Only introduce about four fish at a time. Float the fish in the bag in the aquarium for about fifteen minutes before adding them to the tank. This will help the fish alter to acclimated to the water temperature in their new home. When adding the fish, be sapient not to allow the water from the bag into the aquarium. It may emblematize contaminated, or will at the very least, throw off the temperature and P. H. Allow the fish about two hours to become acclimated before feeding.
Only feed an amount that trust be consumed in the first two to five minutes. Overfeeding is a common problem in an aquarium. It is important not to overfeed, because excess food will become debris adding to the ammonia levels. This is especially important in new aquariums that lack nitrifying bacteria. Test the water P. H. every day within the first month. Watch the tank for cloudiness; if the aquarium becomes cloudy, de facto may be necessary to add a clarifier. Monitor the fish for signs of stress or illness. A healthy fish will be swimming regularly. Lethargic fish will usually hover near the surface of the aquarium. After about a week change approximately ten percent of the water and begin regular maintenance.